What answers would you have given to the following questions about the Versailles Conference: Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restoredwithout any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations.
The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous developmentand the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees.
No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another.
The people of Austria-Hungarywhose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development. In America, the debate about the Treaty was more factious than Wilson's strong determination presented on the world stage.
Over the next two decades, the United States would sit on the sidelines as the unjust Treaty of Versailles and the ineffective League of Nations would set the stage for an even bloodier, more devastating clash.
Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired. Irish Americans criticized the treaty for failing to address the issue of Irish independence. Questions for Discussion Read the document introduction and the transcript excerpt and view the images.
President Woodrow Wilson strongly opposed many of these arrangements, including Italian demands on the Adriatic. Defeating the League of Nations Unfortunately for Wilson, he was met with stiff opposition. How does it explain why the activities at Versailles were looked upon with so much interest?
It placed the harbor city of Danzig now Gdansk and the coal-rich Saarland under the administration of the League of Nations, and allowed France to exploit the economic resources of the Saarland until This souvenir copy of the Paris Peace Conference program is signed by President Woodrow Wilson and other world leaders.
These agreements focused on postwar redistribution of territories. The immediate cause of the United States' entry into World War I in April was the German announcement of renewed unrestricted submarine warfare and the subsequent sinking of ships with Americans on board.
Territorial issues[ edit ] Map of Wilsonian Armenia. So while the treaty looked really harsh to some people, it actually opened up opportunities for others. When they met in Paris to hammer out the terms of the peace, the European leaders had other ideas.
The final results of all these factors had mammoth longterm consequences. Over Wilson's protests, they ignored the Fourteen Points one by one. The Treaty required the new German Government to surrender approximately 10 percent of its prewar territory in Europe and all of its overseas possessions.
The Treaty of Versailles articulated the compromises reached at the conference.
Borah of Idaho and Hiram Johnson of California, opposed the treaty and American entry into the League of Nations under any circumstances. In addition, it had to drastically reduce its armed forces and accept the demilitarization and Allied occupation of the region around the Rhine River.
Wilson might have prudently invited a prominent Republican to accompany him to Paris to help ensure its later passage.
Unless this is secured all else is failure; without this the sublimest hope of humanity is sunk in the black abyss; without this all political and economic adjustments are unstable and sooner or later will disappear. It is that the world be made fit and safe to live in; and particularly that it be made safe for every peace-loving nation which, like our own, wishes to live its own life, determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world as against force and selfish aggression.
The territories of Alsace and Lorraine were restored to France. As Neiberg puts it: The outstanding thing for which he fought, the thing that transcends political and economic considerations, is the permanent peace of the world.
Then apply your knowledge of American history in order to answer the questions that follow.While the Treaty of Versailles did not satisfy all parties concerned, by the time President Woodrow Wilson returned to the United States in JulyU.S.
public opinion overwhelmingly favored ratification of the Treaty, including the Covenant of the League of Nations. Woodrow Wilson Original Letters on Treaty of Versailles, Shapell Manuscript Foundation My —A film from the Chinese point of view, the only country that did not sign the treaty "Versailles Revisted" (Review of Manfred Boemeke, Gerald Feldman and Elisabeth Glaser, The Treaty of Versailles: A Reassessment after 75 Years.
Despite support by President Woodrow Wilson, the U.S. Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles and Wilson's proposed League of Nations, which aimed to create stability in post WWI Europe.
The Versailles Treaty had also included a covenant for the League of Nations, the international organization that Woodrow Wilson had envisioned would preserve peace among the nations of.
The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations Literary Digest The "Big 4" of the Paris Peace Conference of were (left to right) Lloyd George of England, Orlando of Italy, Clemenceau of France, and Woodrow Wilson of the United States.
Woodrow Wilson's peace plan to end WWI. It calls for free trade; an end to secret pacts between nations; freedom of the seas; arms reduction; and the creation of a world organization - called the League of Nations Wilson's 14 Points & The Treaty of Versailles.
21 terms. Wilson's Fourteen Points & The Treaty of Versailles. 34 terms.Download